Basic Structural Elements

  • A Reinforced Concrete structure consists of different structural elements. It may also contain non-structural elements, such as partitions and false ceilings.

  • The function of any structure is to resist the applied loads effectively and to transmit the resulting forces to the supporting ground without a differential settlement.
  • The structure should also satisfy serviceability requirements, be durable, and should not pose problems of maintenance.
  • The most common RC construction is the building such as a typical two-story building as shown in following Fig. which has a slab-and-beam system, in which the slabs span between the beams.

  •   In load-bearing wall systems, instead of the beam and column, the concrete slabs rest directly on the masonry wall.